Logistics in TURKMENISTAN.
Over the past five years - from 2011 to 2015 - the volume of cargo transportation by water transport in Turkmenistan increased by 123 percent, freight turnover - by 111 percent, passenger transportation - more than 4 times. Only in 2016 the passenger turnover of the Sea and River Transport State Service increased by 37.6 percent. The volume of exported goods transported by all types of transport increased by 13.4 percent, but the largest share was in water - 60.5 percent.
All this increases the importance of port activities for the further development of the national economy and, on this basis, in Turkmenistan, initiated a project to modernize the port infrastructure. Namely - the construction of a new International port of Turkmenbashi, which is the "sea gate" of Turkmenistan, in order to increase capacity and diversify the country's logistics system at the current level, involving the potential of all modes of transport. The sea port will create the most favorable conditions for European countries to enter the goods and commodity markets of the Near and Middle East and the countries of the Indian Ocean basin, allowing large-scale cargo flows to significantly reduce the distance and travel time. It will include ferry, passenger and container terminals with a berthing line of 3.8 kilometers and is designed to handle 300,000 passengers, 75,000 trailers and 400,000 containers a year.
Special attention is paid to the creation of a multimodal center that will connect sea, rail and road transport to a single unit. The multimodal LOGOPARK will carry out a complex of services for storage and combined handling of cargoes delivered by air, road and rail transport, ensuring their transshipment to and from water transport.
The state-of-the-art Ashgabat International Airport, which is designed to become the main "air gateway" of the country, a major transit point on the continental and intercontinental air routes has the capacity of 1 thousand 600 passengers per hour.
Proceeding from objective realities, at the present stage, Turkmenistan has formed its own concept of developing cooperation with the international community in the field of transport.
An important role in the implementation of these plans is played by rail transport, that can close the main trunk routes of Europe- Asia.
Today Turkmenistan enters the world market with the offer of its transport and logistics services, and this proposal is relevant and in demand, as evidenced by the newly launched new international route - a train China-Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran.This steel highway is designed to provide convenient and economical delivery of goods from Europe to Central and South Asiat and the Middle East. The railway Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan is called upon to become a significant link in international transportation between the states of the Asian region.
As for the development of road infrastructure, it can be stated that the world standard is the main characteristic of the Ashgabat-Karakum-Dashoguz, Turkmenbashi-Ashgabat-Farab highway being laid across the country. Dozens of engineering facilities are being constructed on the highways of these highways - modern traffic junctions, bridges and overpasses, which will reduce the congestion of motorways, provide traffic safety. So, the highway of Ashgabat-Turkmenbashi with the length of 564 kilometers will comply with international norms and standards, including electronic system of fees payment and video surveillance, as well as recreation areas and gas stations.
The share of road transport in the country's passenger turnover amounted to 82.6 percent in 2016, and more than 47 percent in the total volume of freight turnover, taking into account those engaged in commercial transportation of individual enterprises.
The advantages of the geographical location of Turkmenistan at the crossroads of the mainland routes of the continent allow the country to profitably implement the national transport resource to ensure Eurasian ties. The formation of the modern broad transport and communication system is one of the priorities of the state policy of Turkmenistan aimed at the progressive social and economic development of the country and the establishment of broad regional and international cooperation.