Logistics in UZBEKISTAN.
Strict competition in world markets requires improving the quality of goods, timely fulfillment of orders and schedules of supplies, increasing the range, lowering the cost of goods, etc., which in turn causes an increase in requirements on the part of producers to suppliers of raw materials, components and semi-finished products. Complex system of connections between various market actors requires improvement of the existing supply chain and logistics models of supply and sales organization. For this reason, Uzbekistan is actively implementing new and flexible methods of managing of the transport industry and developing models for the optimal location of logistics centers and warehouse terminals, developing efficient supply chains and new routes for cargo transportation.
Uzbekistan produces a significant amount of agricultural products (vegetables, fruits), however, due to the lack of appropriate logistics centers for processing, packaging and storage, more than 50% of products become non-competitive in foreign markets. The reality of today is the need to improve transport and trade infrastructure, which include the creation of modern storage facilities for storage, processing, warehousing and distribution of export-import goods. Undoubtedly, these warehouse terminals could serve both internal cargoes and cargoes passing through Uzbekistan. The creation of Logistics Centers with functions and all the proper infrastructure of a «dry port» could be a good solution for optimizing international cargo transportation.
At present, only a small number of existing warehouse terminals in Uzbekistan meet modern requirements for such complexes. They are specialized and oriented to export products (for example, cotton terminals) or created to provide freight transportation and servicing of free economic zones “Navoi”, “Angren”, “Jizzakh”.
The geographical location of Uzbekistan is a strategically important aspect and an incentive for the development of a network of modern warehouse complexes and logistics centers that could minimize the logistics costs of manufacturing and trading companies in the delivery of goods.
With each passing year, the issue of creating favorable conditions for the transit of goods passing through Uzbekistan and the promotion of international transit routes, i.e. the creation and expansion of a trade, transport and economic bridge that connects Japan, China and the countries of South-East Asia with Russia and the countries of the European Union. In turn, this implies the provision of these routes with modern transport infrastructure, including the development of information, trade and warehouse logistics.
Analysis of Uzbekistan's economic development shows that in connection with the improvement and development of transport infrastructure, an increase in transit volumes and regional trade, the market of logistics services in the country in the coming years will grow at an accelerated pace.